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Gum Disease

Gingivitis (often referred to as gum disease) is a condition which causes your gums to become red, inflamed and swollen. It can cause your gums to bleed when you brush your teeth.

Gingivitis is normally caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of bacteria, which is usually removed when you brush your teeth. However, if plaque is left to build up on your teeth, the bacteria will release toxins which can irritate your gums, making them painful.


One of the best ways to treat gingivitis is to practice good oral hygiene. You can do this by:

  • brushing your teeth twice a day (in the morning and last thing at night)
  • flossing daily
  • not smoking

If possible, it is best to use an electric toothbrush to clean your teeth. You should also try using fluoride toothpaste if your water supply is low in fluoride. Fluoride is a natural mineral, which helps to strengthen your tooth enamel, protecting it from tooth decay.

To make sure that plaque and tartar do not build up on your teeth it is advisable to visit a dentist so that your teeth can be ‘scaled and polished’. This procedure involves having plaque and tartar scraped away with a special instrument, before being polished to remove blemishes and stains. Please visit our hygiene page for more information.